This page has a bunch of examples of how to use launchpadlib and the Python APIs. Think of it like a cookbook that you can add your favourite recipe to.
Find out if your launchpadlib version is recent enough (>= 1.5.1)
import launchpadlib print(launchpadlib.__version__)
1.5.1 or above is the answer you're looking for; almost all subsequent examples assume you have at least that recent a launchpadlib.
Before an API client can do anything, it needs to login to Launchpad. There are three possibilities:
- "Anonymous login", which does not require user interaction but of course gives you only read-only access to public data
- Access level requested by the client: the user must confirm they want to allow that level of access
- Access level specified by the user. This may be confusing if the client program expects to be able to write but it's not allowed.
Ever wanted to have Launchpad greet you by your own name? Now you can, in the comfort of your own home.
from launchpadlib.launchpad import Launchpad launchpad = Launchpad.login_with('hello-world', 'production') print('Hello, %s!' % launchpad.me.display_name)
The hello-world bit is the name of the application and 'production' means connect to the production server.
If your app is only going to read public data from launchpad, and not write it you can make the process more user-friendly by telling Launchpad that you only care about reading public data.
from launchpadlib.launchpad import Launchpad launchpad = Launchpad.login_anonymously('just testing', 'production')
See also guide to app login.
Does a bug have a release target?
from launchpadlib.launchpad import Launchpad def has_target(bug, series): series_url = str(series) for task in bug.bug_tasks: if str(task).startswith(series_url): return True return False launchpad = Launchpad.login_with('hello-world', 'production') b = launchpad.bugs ubuntu = launchpad.distributions["ubuntu"] jaunty = ubuntu.getSeries(name_or_version="jaunty") has_target(b, jaunty) ### ==> should evalute to True
Listing the current package versions in a particular distroseries
from launchpadlib.launchpad import Launchpad launchpad = Launchpad.login_with('hello-world', 'production') ubuntu = launchpad.distributions["ubuntu"] archive = ubuntu.main_archive series = ubuntu.current_series archive.getPublishedSources(exact_match=True, source_name="apport", distro_series=series).source_package_version ### ==> should return u'0.123'
Get dsc-files for sources in an archive
import re ### See previous examples for how to get an archive. def get_dsc(archive): re_version = re.compile(r"^\d+\:") for spph in archive.getPublishedSources(): version = spph.source_package_version version = re_version.sub("", version, spph) yield "%s/+files/%s_%s.dsc" \ % (archive.web_link, spph.source_package_name, version)
Copy an old version of a package into your PPA for a newer release
Sometimes you want to build the older version of a package from an earlier Ubuntu release on the newest Ubuntu. You can use the API to easily copy the old release's version into your PPA where it can be re-published.
from launchpadlib.launchpad import Launchpad launchpad = Launchpad.login_with('hello-world', 'production') ubuntu = launchpad.distributions["ubuntu"] archive = ubuntu.main_archive jaunty = ubuntu.getSeries(name_or_version="jaunty") jaunty_apport = archive.getPublishedSources(exact_match=True, source_name="apport", distro_series=series) jaunty_apport.source_package_version ### ==> should return u'0.123' ppa = launchpad.me.getPPAByName(name="foobar") ppa.copyPackage( from_archive=archive, include_binaries=True, source_name="apport", to_pocket=jaunty_apport.pocket, to_series="karmic", version=jaunty_apport.source_package_version)
Cache Launchpad credentials per application
This one is for older launchpadlibs. If you are using a current version, just replace the code below with Launchpad.login_with.
From <https://launchpad.net/hydrazine> - use your own application name.
def create_session(): lplib_cachedir = os.path.expanduser("~/.cache/launchpadlib/") hydrazine_cachedir = os.path.expanduser("~/.cache/hydrazine/") rrd_dir = os.path.expanduser("~/.cache/hydrazine/rrd") for d in [lplib_cachedir, hydrazine_cachedir, rrd_dir]: if not os.path.isdir(d): os.makedirs(d, mode=0700) hydrazine_credentials_filename = os.path.join(hydrazine_cachedir, 'credentials') if os.path.exists(hydrazine_credentials_filename): credentials = Credentials() credentials.load(file( os.path.expanduser("~/.cache/hydrazine/credentials"), "r")) trace('loaded existing credentials') return Launchpad(credentials, service_root, lplib_cachedir) # TODO: handle the case of having credentials that have expired etc else: launchpad = Launchpad.get_token_and_login( 'Hydrazine', service_root, lplib_cachedir) trace('saving credentials...') launchpad.credentials.save(file( hydrazine_credentials_filename, "w")) return launchpad
Get date a user joined a team
This is an example of using team_membership details
def get_join_date(team, user): team = launchpad.people[team] members = team.members_details for member in members: if member.member.name == user: return member.date_joined return None print(get_join_date("zeitgeist", "thekorn")) ### ==> should return a datetime.datetime object like 2009-06-14 18:01:10.511369+00:00
Turn on debugging output
import httplib2 httplib2.debuglevel = 1
This enables detailed traces of requests launchpadlib makes. This can be worthwhile for debugging issues or optimizing performance. (See also bug 520219 asking for better logging here.)
Get a useful error message from launchpadlib
Recent versions of launchpadlib include useful information in the str() of the exception object, so you don't need to do this
Because launchpadlib is just a simple wrapper for an HTTP API, when the Launchpad server raises an error, this appears on the client side as an HTTP error. However, there is useful information to be had!
Fetching an object's raw JSON
Launchpadlib provides a nice Python wrapper around JSON objects, but it does allow you to directly access the JSON itself. Each launchpadlib object has a self_link property which you can use to view the JSON in a regular web brower, but you can not do this while using launchpadlib's access permissions. This recipe shows you how to fetch the JSON for an object with the same permissions as the currently running script.
We can use the semi-private _browser member of the current Launchpad object to grab the raw JSON using the current authentication. We can pass a launchpadlib object's self_link URL to the browser, the same as launchpadlib itself does.
1 from launchpadlib.launchpad import Launchpad 2 3 launchpad = Launchpad.login_with('lplib.cookbook.json_fetcher', 'production', '.lplib-json_fetcher-cache') 4 5 # Our authenticated browser object 6 browser = launchpad._browser 7 8 def get_person_as_json(person_name): 9 person = launchpad.people[person_name] 10 if not person: 11 # Oops, this person does not exist. 12 return None 13 14 return browser.get(person.self_link)
Get the type of requested code review
The trick here (bug 526362) is that the review type is actually an attribute of the pending review, and the pending review is recorded as a 'vote' with no vote or comment. So you need to iterate the votes attribute of the merge proposal.