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Creating branches

For this section of the feature highlights guide, you might like to actually create and publish a branch or two. You'll need to have Bazaar installed and to have registered SSH keys with Launchpad, which you can use to authenticate yourself.

For Ubuntu users, simply type "sudo apt-get install bzr" and you will be all set. For users of other platforms, take a look at these instructions to install Bazaar for yourself.

{i} Find out how to create your SSH key and upload it to Launchpad.

You should have at least version 0.15 of Bzr installed. To check:

% bzr version
Bazaar (bzr) 0.15.0candidate2

Alternatively, just read over the text to get a sense of what's possible.

Creating your branch

Now, let's create a branch of the famous "GNU Hello" application, which is used as a demonstration of several GNU best practices and technologies.

For simplicity we will use HTTP to fetch the code for this branch. This is quite an inefficient protocol, for this purpose, so it takes a little longer than normal to fetch the code. You can also use the optimised smart server protocol, once you have registered your SSH keys to access the Launchpad server securely.

We use HTTP here because it can be done anonymously.

Done! You now have your own branch of GNU Hello.

You can see the latest commits on this branch. This is a branch of the trunk, so it has all the latest commits that trunk had when you created the branch.

Making changes to your branch

Because this is YOUR branch, you can commit to it immediately. Try making some changes, then type "bzr commit".

Before doing this, you can optionally configure Bazaar so that it knows who you are, and records that information with each commit. Type bzr whoami "Joe Smith <email@example.com>" to set that up.

Publishing branches

If you have set up some SSH keys in your Launchpad account, you can publish your branch with a single command.

You need to know the project name in Launchpad, your own Launchpad username, and of course the name you want to give this branch. If your branch is for personal use, and you don't want it to be listed in a specific project, you can call it "junk". Simply use +junk instead of the project name.

Continuing our example above, we will push this GNU Hello branch to Launchpad with the command:

Of course, you must substitute your Launchpad username for <me> in both places in the above command.

Now, if you take a look at your own branch listing page, you will see the GNU Hello branch listed:

As you can see, branching from an existing project, and publishing your branch, are extremely easy. Once your branch is published it is easy for others to find. If you would like your code to be included in the project's official line of development (and hence in the next release!) you can simply ask the project maintainers to review and merge your branch.

It may seem strange that you need your account name TWICE in the publishing command given above. The reason is that the first time (account@...) is to tell Launchpad who you are logging in as. The second time (~account/) is to tell it to put the branch into *your* directory.

This is needed because you can also publish branches into directories for each of the teams of which you are a member. And that leads us to the next stop on our tour - Team Branches!

FeatureHighlights/EasyBranching (last edited 2011-07-01 15:01:18 by 83)